||Reason for peak
||Reason for decline
|| 16th century, 1669 Smyrna Consulate opened
|| A trading city with a wide ranging fleet
|| The British were able to imitate Venetian
woollen cloth and sell it cheaper to Smyrna
|| 1715 Venetian Consul and traders evicted as reprisal
for the imprisonment of Turkish traders
|| Byzantine times
|| Similar but, later cloth brought was too
|| Like Venice adversely affected by the Anglo-French
|| First agreement 1535
by 1752-83, 29 trade houses [factories] in Smyrna
| Dominance over Britain until the revolution
& Napoleonic wars
|| A lengthy British naval blockade prevented
French ships entering Smyrna harbour until 1814
|| By 1826 12 trade houses remaining
|| 1575, right of British merchants to work
in Turkey. Initially Britain sold woollen cloth and bought raw silk,
|| Efficient organisation and wide connections
of the Levant Company.
Defeat of France and later industrial revolution
| The Great fire of 1922 and resulting emigration.
Effective ending of major trade, that has not recovered till today.
|| First agreement 1612
|| Good barter trade between their Londrini
cloth and silk, mohair, cotton etc
|| The 1672-78 Dutch-French war seriously damaged
|| Later British dominance allowed for ‘Anglicisation’
|| An established Anglo dominated colony at
Trieste acting as the conduit for Anatolian produce to central Europe?
|| Defeat of empire at the end of WWI? A strong
hint to this is detailed in the story of the Austrian
Lloyd Trieste shipping line.
|| A 1873 trade almanac of Smyrna prepared by
the Smyrna Consul of the Austro-Hungarian empire to increase trade
|| Until the 1870 unification of that country,
|| The 1870 economic crisis allowed German traders
to gain much previously British trade in Smyrna, later dominance
of the cotton trade through ‘sweeteners’
|| Undoubtedly the crushing defeat at the end
of WWI had a knock-on effect
|| The account on the web of the demise with
the outbreak of WWI, of a powerful German merchant fleet company
operating in the region, Deutsche
Levante, was probably typical of the fate of this country’s
economic activity of the time.